AskDefine | Define alibi

Dictionary Definition

alibi

Noun

1 (law) a defense by an accused person purporting to show that he or she could not have committed the crime in question
2 a defense of some offensive behavior or some failure to keep a promise etc.; "he kept finding excuses to stay"; "every day he had a new alibi for not getting a job"; "his transparent self-justification was unacceptable" [syn: excuse, exculpation, self-justification] v : exonerate by means of an alibi

User Contributed Dictionary

see Alibi

English

Etymology

Latin elsewhere, at another place.

Pronunciation

IPA: WEAE /ˈæl.ə.baɪ/

Noun

  1. The plea or mode of defense under which a person on trial for a crime proves or attempts to prove that he was in another place when the alleged act was committed; as, to set up an alibi; to prove an alibi. The Criminal Law Deskbook (1988; ISBN 0820512176) states: "Alibi is different from all of the other defenses...it is based upon the premise that the defendant is truly innocent."

Translations

criminal legal defense
  • Armenian: ալիբի (alibi)
  • Belarusian: алібі (álibi)
  • Catalan: coartada
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (bùzài chǎng zhèngmíng)
  • Croatian: alibi
  • Czech: alibi
  • Danish: alibi
  • Dutch: alibi
  • Esperanto: alibio
  • Finnish: alibi
  • French: alibi
  • German: Alibi
  • Greek: άλλοθι
  • Hungarian: alibi
  • Italian: alibi
  • Japanese: アリバイ (aribai)
  • Kannada: ಅಲಿಬಿ
  • Korean: 알리바이 (alibai)
  • Norwegian: alibi
  • Polish: alibi
  • Portuguese: álibi
  • Russian: алиби
  • Slovak: alibi
  • Spanish: coartada

Derived terms

Verb

  1. To provide an alibi for.
  2. To provide an excuse for.

See also

Croatian

Noun

hr-noun m

Italian

Noun

alibi m inv

Latin

Adverb

  1. elsewhere

Polish

Noun

Extensive Definition

An alibi is the plea or mode of defense under which a person on trial for a crime proves or attempts to prove that the person was in another place when the alleged act was committed; as, to set up an alibi; to prove an alibi. The Criminal Law Deskbook of Criminal Procedure states: "Alibi is different from all of the other defenses...it is based upon the premise that the defendant is truly innocent." In the Latin language "alibi" means "somewhere else."
An alibi agency provides fictional explanations for unexcused absences, e.g. due to an extramarital affair. Originating in 1990s Japan, such services appeared in Europe in ca. 2004, where they were condemed as immoral by the Catholic Church in Germany. They are the subject of the 2006 movie The Alibi.

References

alibi in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Алібі
alibi in Danish: Alibi
alibi in German: Alibi
alibi in Estonian: Alibi
alibi in French: Alibi
alibi in Italian: Alibi (latino)
alibi in Hebrew: אליבי
alibi in Japanese: アリバイ
alibi in Dutch: Alibi (bewijs)
alibi in Norwegian: Alibi
alibi in Polish: Alibi
alibi in Russian: Алиби
alibi in Slovenian: Alibi
alibi in Finnish: Alibi
alibi in Swedish: Alibi
alibi in Ukrainian: Алібі
alibi in Chinese: 不在场证明

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

alibi out of, apologize for, apology, blind, cloak, color, cop-out, cover, cover story, cover with excuses, cover-up, device, excuse, explain, explanation, facade, feint, front, gloss, guise, handle, lame excuse, lie out of, likely story, locus standi, make apology for, mask, offer excuse for, ostensible motive, out, plea, plead ignorance, poor excuse, pretense, pretension, pretext, protestation, public motive, put-off, refuge, right, screen, semblance, sham, show, smoke screen, squirm out of, stalking-horse, stratagem, subterfuge, trick, varnish, veil, worm out of
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